Work, Leadership, Institutions and Culture

Heraclitus, a Greek philosopher of the late 6th century, observed that all flows and nothing is stable (Henkel, 1971). All is in constant change and therefore we must learn to live in situations of uninterrupted change interrupted by moments of precarious stability. If a system is inherently complex, diversified and unstable, every component becomes a source of change from which a new order of things may derive. Change is the distinguishing trait and the dominant paradigm of our times. All work organizations exist in a state of continuous change, some large, other minor (Kent, 2003). This state creates a constant need to make decisions that will guide the adaptation to these changes (Cunningham, 2006; Gayler, 2006). An important variable of organizational change is the culture of the company. In some cases, culture facilitates change; in other cases, it hinders it (Poelmans & Sahibzada, 2004; Statt, 1994).